COMBINED FREE AND FORCED CONVECTION OF NANOFLUIDS IN MINICHANNELS WITH DIFFERENT DIAMETERS


Akyurek E. F. , Ceylan M., MANAY E., Şahin B.

HEAT TRANSFER RESEARCH, vol.53, no.6, pp.1-22, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 53 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1615/heattransres.2022040607
  • Title of Journal : HEAT TRANSFER RESEARCH
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-22
  • Keywords: combined free and forced convection, heat transfer, minichannel, mixed convection, nanofluid, LAMINAR MIXED CONVECTION, WATER-BASED SUSPENSIONS, HEAT-TRANSFER, THERMAL-CONDUCTIVITY, AL2O3 NANOPARTICLES, ELECTRONIC DEVICES, PRESSURE-DROP, FLOW-THROUGH, MICROCHANNEL, ENHANCEMENT

Abstract

In this study, mixed convection heat transfer properties of nanofluids in minichannels were investigated by dispersing SiO2 nanopaticles into pure water. In the study, nanofluids prepared in three different volumetric ratios of 0.25%, 0.75%, and 1.25% were investigated experimentally under laminar conditions in circular horizontal minichannels with diameters of 1.21 mm, 1.5 mm, and 1.9 mm. For the minichannels with the diameters of 1.21 mm, 1.5 mm, and 1.9 mm, increasing the particle volume ratio from 0.25% to 1.25% provided a heat transfer enhancement compared to water by about 11-31%, 7-29%, and 9-27%, respectively. Increasing the minichannel diameter from 1.21 mm to 1.5 mm and from 1.5 mm to 1.9 mm caused an enhancement of the Nusselt number in the range of 6.9-13.9% and 3.3-9.3%, respectively. Summarizing the results, the natural convection/forced convection ratio and natural convection effect on total heat transfer increased at a constant Grashof number value when the volumetric ratio of nanoparticles increased. In contrast to the particle volumetric ratio, an increase in the minichannel diameter was found to reduce the natural convection/forced convection ratio and the natural convection effects on total heat transfer at a constant Grashof number value.