Preparation of ABC miktoarm star terpolymer containing poly(ethylene glycol), polystyrene, and poly(tert-butylacrylate) arms by combining Diels-Alder reaction, atom transfer radical, and stable free radical polymerization routes

Durmaz H., KARATAS F., TUNCA U., Hizal G.

JOURNAL OF POLYMER SCIENCE PART A-POLYMER CHEMISTRY, vol.44, no.1, pp.499-509, 2006 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 44 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/pola.21160
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.499-509
  • Keywords: anthracene, atom transfer radical polymerization, Diels-Alder reaction, maleimide, miktoarm star polymer, stable free-radical polymerization, RING-OPENING POLYMERIZATION, BLOCK-COPOLYMERS, COMBINATION, POLYMERS, MALEIMIDES, ANTHRACENE, INITIATOR
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The ABC type miktoarm star terpolymer was prepared utilizing "core-in" and "core-out" methods via combination of Diels-Alder reaction (DA), stable free radical polymerization (SFRP), and atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP). First, in DA reaction, poly(ethylene glycol)-maleimide (PEG-maleimide) precursor was reacted with succinic acid anthracen-9-ylmethyl ester 3-(2-bromo-2-methyl-propionyloxy)-2-methyl-2-[2-phenyl-2-(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-piperidin-1-yloxy)-ethoxy-carbonyll- propyl ester, 8, to give DA adduct, 9, which has appropriate functional groups for SFRP and ATRP Second, a previously obtained 9 was used as a macroinitiator for SFRP of styrene at 125 degrees C. As a third step, this PEG-polystyrene (PEG-PSt) precursor with a bromine functionality in the core was employed as a macroinitiator for ATRP of tert-butylacrylate (tBA) in the presence of Cu(I)Br and pentamethyldiethylenetriamine at 80 degrees C to give ABC type miktoarm star terpolymer (PEG-PSt-PtBA) with controlled molecular weight and low polydispersity (M(w)/M(n) < 1.27). The obtained polymers were characterized by gel permeation chromatography and (1)H NMR. (c) 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.