A new high performance polyamide as an effective additive for modification of antifouling properties and morphology of asymmetric PES blend ultrafiltration membranes

Shockravi A., Vatanpour Sargheın V., Najjar Z., Bahadori S., Javadi A.

MICROPOROUS AND MESOPOROUS MATERIALS, vol.246, pp.24-36, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 246
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.micromeso.2017.03.013
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.24-36
  • Keywords: Ultrafiltration, PES membranes, Polyamides, Fouling-resistance, Hydrophilic additive, NANOFILTRATION MEMBRANES, NANOCOMPOSITE, SURFACE, FABRICATION, SEPARATION, CHITOSAN, REMOVAL, KETONE), RATIO
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: No


Polyethersulfone (PES) ultrafiltration membrane with enhanced simultaneous permeability and fouling-resistance property was prepared using a new synthesized aromatic polyamide (PA-6) as an additive. A series of asymmetric membranes were prepared by adding different amounts of PA-6 to the casting solution using the phase inversion induced by immersion precipitation method. Attenuated total reflection-Fourier transform infrared spectra (ATR-FTIR) and water contact angle measurement confirmed the PA-6 enrichment at the membrane surface and increased the membrane hydrophilicity and wettability. The SEM images elucidated the effect of PA-6 addition on the PES membrane morphology by increasing the pore density. The results of filtration performance, which carried out by dead-end filtration of bovine serum albumin (BSA) solution showed that the permeability and fouling resistance property was improved by optimizing the PA-6 content. When the PA-6 content was 2 wt%, the permeability reached approximately 10 times over the pure PES membrane. In comparison to the blend membrane of PES and 2 wt% of polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP), the blend membrane of 2 wt% of PA-6 showed significant flux recovery ability. The rejection of all the blended membranes was approximately at high point over 95%. In addition, the results were compared with those obtained using PVP as a usual additive. Although the PVP blended membranes exhibited higher permeability, they showed lower antifouling properties. Finally, a membrane with 1 wt% PVP and 1 wt% PA-6 was prepared and showed the best performance regarding improved permeability and antifouling properties. (C) 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.