Pyramid-Context Encoder Network (PEN-Net) for Missing Data Recovery in Ground Penetrating Radar

Tas K., Kumlu D., Erer I.

44th International Conference on Telecommunications and Signal Processing (TSP), ELECTR NETWORK, 26 - 28 July 2021, pp.263-266 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Doi Number: 10.1109/tsp52935.2021.9522613
  • Page Numbers: pp.263-266
  • Keywords: deep learning, matrix completion, missing data recovery, subsurface imaging, DATA RECONSTRUCTION, LOW-RANK
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


A deep learning-based missing data recovery approach is presented for subsurface images with missing samples. The proposed method is based on Pyramid-context Encoder Network (PEN-Net). With this network, region affinity is captured by creating a high-level semantic feature map, and missing data is recovered in a pyramid fashion, for both visual and semantic consistency. Considering missing data cases during subsurface image acquisition, this study aims to obtain plausible recovered images for possible post-processing operations that can be implemented later. Missing data scenarios are constructed in two ways; column-wise and pixel-wise missing data. Each case is tested under 10%, 30% and 50% of missing data scenarios. Based on the experiments that we conducted, it can be observed that better results are obtained with PEN-Net architecture, compared with low rank missing data recovery methods such as Go Decomposition (GoDec) or Low-rank matrix fitting (LmaFit).