Antifouling thin-film nanocomposite NF membrane with polyvinyl alcohol-sodium alginate-graphene oxide nanocomposite hydrogel coated layer for As(III) removal

Amiri S., Vatanpour Sargheın V., He T.

Chemosphere, vol.322, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 322
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2023.138159
  • Journal Name: Chemosphere
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Artic & Antarctic Regions, BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, EMBASE, Environment Index, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Geobase, Greenfile, MEDLINE, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Public Affairs Index, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Arsenic, Biopolymer-based hydrogel, Graphene oxide, Thin-film nanocomposite membrane, Antifouling
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Removal of As(III) from the polluted waters is a challenge. It should be oxidized to As(V) for increasing its rejection by RO membranes. However, in this research, As (III) is directly removed by a high permeable and antifouling membrane prepared through the surface coating and in-situ crosslinking procedure of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and sodium alginate (SA) as coating materials containing graphene oxide as a hydrophilic additive on a polysulfone support with glutaraldehyde (GA) chemical crosslinking agent. The properties of the prepared membranes were evaluated through contact angle, zeta potential, ATR-FTIR, SEM, and AFM. The addition of GO in the polymeric networks of SA and PVA hydrogel coating layers led to a better hydrophilicity and a smoother surface and a higher negative surface charge resulted in improvment of permeability and rejection of membranes. Among the prepared hydrogel-coated modified membranes, SA-GO/PSf indicated the highest pure water permeability (15.8 L m−2 h−1 bar−1) and BSA permeability (9.57 L m−2 h−1 bar−1), respectively. The best desalination performance (NaCl, MgSO4, and Na2SO4 rejections of 60.0%, 74.5%, and 92.0%, respectively) and As(III) removal (88.4%) along with satisfactory stability and reusability in cyclic continuous filtration was reported for PVA-SA-GO membrane. In addition, the PVA-SA-GO membrane indicated improved fouling resistance toward BSA foulant with the lowest flux decline of 7%.