IEEE ACCESS, vol.7, pp.155701-155710, 2019 (SCI-Expanded)
Article / Article
Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
Istanbul Technical University Affiliated:
Chemical and infra-red sensors generate distinct responses under similar conditions because of sensor drift, noise or resolution errors. In this paper, we develop novel machine learning methods for detecting and identifying VOC and Ammonia vapor from time-series data obtained by uncalibrated chemical and infrared sensors. We process time-series sensor signals using deep neural networks (DNN). Three neural network algorithms are utilized for this purpose. Additive neural networks (termed AddNet) are based on a multiplication-devoid operator and consequently exhibit energy efficiency compared to regular neural networks. The second algorithm uses generative adversarial neural networks so as to expose the classifying neural network to more realistic data points in order to help the classifier network to deliver improved generalization. Finally, we use conventional convolutional neural networks as a baseline method. Our findings indicate that using raw time-series data obtained from uncalibrated sensors and processing them using deep-learning-based methods yield better results than using hand-crafted feature parameters.