The co-existence of heavy metals in industrial effluents is a prevalent problem. Heavy metals are not biodegradable and can remain in the environment when left untreated. Therefore, metals must be removed from wastewater to protect people's health and the environment. Also, these pollutants usually have dissimilar compositions and properties. Generally, metal treatment is performed using traditional methods, but new processes have been developed due to the disadvantages of traditional methods. Especially in the last 20 years, studies on polymer inclusion membranes have been carried out and the transport performance of metal ions has been investigated. It is a more convenient process than both ion exchange and liquid-liquid extraction methods due to the potential and performance of polymer inclusion membranes. When the studies in the literature are examined, it is seen that the performance of polymer inclusion membranes is higher than expected and also when the production conditions are examined, polymer inclusion membrane is more advantageous than other processes. This review is a summary of the studies on the removal and transport of metal by using polymer inclusion membranes in the literature over the last 20 years. (C) 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.