Experimental analysis for heat transfer of nanofluid with wire coil turbulators in a concentric tube heat exchanger

Akyurek E. F., Gelis K., Sahin B., Manay E.

RESULTS IN PHYSICS, vol.9, pp.376-389, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 9
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.rinp.2018.02.067
  • Journal Name: RESULTS IN PHYSICS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.376-389
  • Keywords: Nanofluids, Heat transfer enhancement, Pressure drop, Concentric heat exchanger, Turbulators, TRANSFER ENHANCEMENT, PRESSURE-DROP, FRICTION FACTOR, TURBULENT-FLOW, PERFORMANCE, PIPE
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: No


Nanofluids are a novel class of heat transfer suspensions of metallic or nonmetallic nanopowders with a size of less than 100 nm in base fluids and they can increase heat transfer potential of the base fluids in various applications. In the last decade, nanofluids have become an intensive research topic because of their improved thermal properties and possible heat transfer applications. For comparison, an experiment using water as the working fluid in the heat exchanger without wire coils was also performed. Turbulent forced convection heat transfer and pressure drop characteristics of Al2O3-water nanofluids in a concentric tube heat exchanger with and without wire coil turbulators were experimentally investigated in this research. Experiments effected particle volume concentrations of 0.4-0.8 to 1.2-1.6 vol% in the Reynolds number range from 4000 to 20,000. Two turbulators with the pitches of 25 mm and 39 mm were used. The average Nusselt number increased with increasing the Reynolds number and particle concentrations. Moreover, the pressure drop of the Al2O3-water nanofluid showed nearly equal to that of pure water at the same Reynolds number range. As a result, nanofluids with lower particle concentrations did not show an important influence on pressure drop change. Nonetheless, when the wire coils used in the heat exchanger, it increased pressure drop as well as the heat transfer coefficient. (C) 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.