Impact of paint shop decanter effluents on biological treatability of automotive industry wastewater


GUVEN D., HANHAN O., AKSOY E. C. , Insel G. , Çokgör E.

JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS, vol.330, pp.61-67, 2017 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 330
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2017.01.048
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
  • Page Numbers: pp.61-67
  • Keywords: COD fractions, Nitrogen removal, Automotive industry, Paint shop effluents, Sequencing batch reactor, Modeling, SLOWLY BIODEGRADABLE SUBSTRATE, ACTIVATED-SLUDGE, AUTOMOBILE-INDUSTRY, RESPIROMETRIC ANALYSIS, TREATMENT UNITS, WASTEWATERS, HYDROLYSIS, NITRIFICATION, INHIBITION, TOXICITY

Abstract

A lab-scale Sequencing Batch Reactor (SBR) was implemented to investigate biological treatability and kinetic characteristics of paint shop wastewater (PSW) together with main stream wastewater (MSW) of a bus production factory. Readily biodegradable and slowly biodegradable COD fractions of MWS were determined by respirometric analysis: 4.2% (S-s), 10.4% (S-H) and 59.3% (X-s). Carbon and nitrogen removal performance of the SBR feeding with MSW alone were obtained as 89% and 58%, respectively. When PSW was introduced to MSW, both carbon and nitrogen removal were deteriorated. Model simulation indicated that maximum heterotrophic growth rate decreased from 7.2 to 5.7 day(-1), maximum hydrolysis rates were reduced from 6 to 4 day(-1) (k(hs)) and 4 to 1 day(-1) (k(hx)). Based on the dynamic model simulation for the evaluation of nitrogen removal, a maximum specific nitrifier growth rate was obtained as 0.45 day(-1) for MSW feeding alone. When PSW was introduced, nitrification was completely inhibited and following the termination of PSW addition, nitrogen removal perforrriance was recovered in about 100 days, however with a much lower nitrifier growth rate (0.1 day(-1)), possibly due to accumulation of toxic compounds in the sludge. Obviously, a longer recovery period is required to ensure an active nitrifier community. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.