Completely regular quantum stress tensor with w < -1

Kahya E. O., Onemli V. K., Woodard R. P.

PHYSICAL REVIEW D, vol.81, no.2, 2010 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 81 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.1103/physrevd.81.023508
  • Journal Name: PHYSICAL REVIEW D
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: No


For many quantum field theory computations in cosmology it is not possible to use the flat space trick of obtaining full, interacting states by evolving free states over infinite times. State wave functionals must be specified at finite times and, although the free states suffice to obtain the lowest order effects, higher order corrections necessarily involve changes of the initial state. Failing to correctly change the initial state can result in effective field equations which diverge on the initial value surface, or which contain tedious sums of terms that redshift like inverse powers of the scale factor. In this paper we verify a conjecture from 2004 that the lowest order initial state correction can indeed absorb the initial value divergences and all the redshifting terms of the two-loop expectation value (in free, Bunch-Davies vacuum) of the stress tensor of a massless, minimally coupled scalar with a quartic self-interaction on a nondynamical de Sitter background.