Planning of wastewater treatment and disposal systems of Istanbul metropolitan area

Eroglu V., Sarikaya H., Aydin A.

WATER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, vol.44, pp.31-38, 2001 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 44
  • Publication Date: 2001
  • Page Numbers: pp.31-38


Current and future wastewater treatment and disposal strategies of Istanbul city are presented. Istanbul is the largest city of Turkey and has a population of 10 million that may reach about 20 million in 2032. The city is divided into Asian and European sides by the Bosphorus Strait. The Sea of Marmara is an enclosed sea, connected to the Black Sea and Aegean Sea by the straits of Bosphorus and Dardanelles, Therefore, there is very strong and permanent stratification in the Sea of Marmara throughout the year, lower layers carrying Mediterranean and the upper layers carrying Black Sea water. This unique coastal structure of Istanbul necessitated a detailed study to determine the level of wastewater treatment and the location and depth of marine outfalls.