Validity of Monod kinetics at different sludge ages - Peptone biodegradation under aerobic conditions


Orhon D., Cokgor E. , INSEL G., KARAHAN Ö. , KATIPOGLU T.

BIORESOURCE TECHNOLOGY, cilt.100, sa.23, ss.5678-5686, 2009 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 100 Konu: 23
  • Basım Tarihi: 2009
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.biortech.2009.06.046
  • Dergi Adı: BIORESOURCE TECHNOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.5678-5686

Özet

The study presented an evaluation of the effect of culture history (sludge age) on the growth kinetics of a mixed culture grown under aerobic conditions. It involved an experimental setup where a lab-scale sequencing batch reactor was operated at steady-state at two different sludge ages (theta(x)) of 2 and 10 days. The system sustained a mixed culture fed with a synthetic substrate mainly consisting of peptone. The initial concentration of substrate COD was selected around 500 mg COD/L Polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) storage occurred to a limited extent. around 30 mg COD/L for theta(x) = 10 days and 15 mg COD/L for theta(x) = 2 days. Evaluation of the experimental data based on calibration of two different models provided consistent and reliable evidence for a variable Monod kinetics where the maximum specific growth rate, was assessed as 6.1/day for x = 2 days and 4.1/day for theta(x) = 10 days. A similar variability was also applicable for the hydrolysis and storage kinetics. The rate of storage was significantly lower than the levels reported in the literature, exhibiting the ability of the microorganisms to regulate their metabolic mechanisms for adjusting the rate of microbial growth and storage competing for the same substrate. This adjustment evidently resulted in case-specific, variable kinetics both for microbial growth and substrate storage. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.