Eco-villages as a Sustainable Settlement Type: A Model Proposal for Turkey

Yirmibeşoğlu F., Kuruoğlu M.

4TH INTERNATIONAL SUSTAINABLE BUILDINGS SYMPOSIUM (ISBS2019) 18 – 20 JULY 2019 Dallas – Texas/USA Organized b, no.32, pp.386-403, 2019 (Conference Book)


The search for creating a sustainable living environment throughout the world

is increasing day by day. Eco-villages are a type of intelligent settlements with

ecological characteristics such as natural agriculture and livestock activities, thus

producing their own nutrients, utilizing renewable energy systems, transforming

their wastes, and having a self-sufficient and collective social life. With the migration

from rural areas to cities, eco-villages constitute a solution for the redevelopment

of rural areas where the population is lost and investments decrease. This

paper underlines the necessity of eco-village’s contribution to cities and human

species and points out the lack of eco-village implementations in Turkey. First,

this article identifies eco-village movement and the development of eco-villages

in various countries, discussing from the beginning how they emerged and were

shaped through needs. Second, this paper aims to find answers of eco-village

indicators in Turkey with the help of a survey study. The survey consists of

different questions which are related to village economy, social structure, usage,

transportation, construction materials, etc. Based on the survey results, the paper

examines which criteria are important and how they could be improved and integrated

to an eco-village model. It is aimed to obtain an eco-village model based

mainly on the outputs of the survey, literature review, and various examples from

around the world.