Local and Global Motions Underlying Antibiotic Binding in Bacterial Ribosome


Kurkcuoglu O. , Gunes M. U. , HALİLOĞLU T.

JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL INFORMATION AND MODELING, vol.60, no.12, pp.6447-6461, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 60 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1021/acs.jcim.0c00967
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL INFORMATION AND MODELING
  • Page Numbers: pp.6447-6461

Abstract

The bacterial ribosome is one of the most important targets in the treatment of infectious diseases. As antibiotic resistance in bacteria poses a growing threat, a significant amount of effort is concentrated on exploring new drug-binding sites where testable predictions are of significance. Here, we study the dynamics of a ribosomal complex and 67 small and large subunits of the ribosomal crystal structures (64 antibiotic-bound, 3 antibiotic-free) from Deinococcus radiodurans, Escherichia coli, Haloarcula marismortui, and Thermus thermophilus by the Gaussian network model. Interestingly, a network of nucleotides coupled in high-frequency fluctuations reveals known antibiotic-binding sites. These sites are seen to locate at the interface of dynamic domains that have an intrinsic dynamic capacity to interfere with functional globular motions. The nucleotides and the residues fluctuating in the fast and slow modes of motion thus have promise for plausible antibiotic-binding and allosteric sites that can alter antibiotic binding and resistance. Overall, the present analysis brings a new dynamic perspective to the long-discussed link between small-molecule binding and large conformational changes of the supramolecule.