CVD grown graphene as catalyst for acid electrolytes


Yazici M. S. , Azder M. A. , Salihoglu O.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, vol.43, no.23, pp.10710-10716, 2018 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 43 Issue: 23
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.01.180
  • Title of Journal : INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.10710-10716
  • Keywords: CVD, Porous graphene, N-doping, Oxygen reduction, RDE, OXYGEN REDUCTION REACTION, CHEMICAL-VAPOR-DEPOSITION, METAL-FREE ELECTROCATALYST, NITROGEN-DOPED GRAPHENE, FEW-LAYER GRAPHENE, ENERGY-STORAGE, RECENT PROGRESS, ALKALINE MEDIA, 3D GRAPHENE, LARGE-AREA

Abstract

Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) process is utilized to grow and study behavior of porous, continuous-phase 3D graphene structures in acid electrolyte. Graphene layers that are produced by CVD process are tested for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity by Rotating Disc Electrode (RDE) measurements in 0,1 M HClO4 electrolyte. Raman spectroscopy measurements confirms multi-layer porous structure formation for more than 1 min grow on nickel foam. Multi-layer porous graphene has provided A level current. When NH3 is used for nitrogen (N)-doping, magnitude of the reduction current increases, but still low for practical usage of graphene in acid electrolytes as catalyst. N-doping is confirmed with XPS measurements showing all possible types of N-doping phases with 900 degrees C being better than 1000 degrees C doping. CVD grown continuous-phase graphene, by itself or N-doped, cannot provide enough electrocatalytic activity to be used in 0,1 M HClO4 acid electrolyte or polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells for practical applications. Pt layer of 10 nm has been sputtered on to graphene (21.45 g/cm(2) Pt loading) and has provided orders of magnitude increase in oxygen reduction current compare to bare graphene layers. (C) 2018 Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC.