Reactivity in LaGaO3/Ni and CeO2/Ni systems


FUEL CELLS, vol.6, no.2, pp.87-92, 2006 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 6 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/fuce.200500106
  • Journal Name: FUEL CELLS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.87-92
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: No


The reactivity in CeO2/Ni and LaGaO3/Ni systems, which are constituents of intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cell (IT-SOFC) anodes, has been investigated both computationally and experimentally. The CALPHAD-method (CALculating of PHAse Diagrams), employing BINGSS and THERMOCALC software, was used to obtain a self-consistent set of Gibbs energy functions describing the systems. Interactions in the LaGaO3/Ni system were predicted using a thermodynamic database developed for the La-Ga-Ni-O system. Similarly, to analyze the CeO2/Ni svstem, the Ce-Ni-O ternary phase diagram was calculated using known thermodynamic data for binary Ce-O, Ni-O, and Ce-Ni systems. The experimental work was designed based on the calculated phase diagrams. While the La-Ga-Ni-O system experiments were conducted in air, the Ce-Ni-O system was also investigated in a reducing atmosphere. The calculated Ce-Ni-O diagram is in good agreement with the experimental results. It has been found that NiO does not react with CeO2. Extended solid solutions of La(Ga,Ni)O-3, La-2(Ni,Ga)O-4, and La-4(Ni,Ga)(3)O-10 were found in the La-Ga-Ni-O system. Additionally, the compound LaNiGa11O19, with magneto-plumbite-type structure, has been found, which has not been reported in the literature so far. It is concluded that La2NiO4 is not chemically compatible, as a cathode material, with the LSGM electrolyte.