Determination of heavy metals in soil extracts and plant tissues at around of a zinc smelter

Tokalioglu S., Kartal S., Gunes A.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY, vol.80, no.3, pp.201-217, 2001 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


Extractable contents of heavy metals such as Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Cd, Ph and Bi in soil and plant tissue samples (fruit, leaf, twig and root) collected, along a distance of 1100 m to the West, from the surroundings of a metallurgical factory producing mainly zinc, cadmium and lead were determined by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS). In addition, the determinations of Ca and Mg, macro nutrient elements for plants, were also performed. Three extractant solutions were used for dissolution of soil samples, namely aqua regia (1 HNO3+ 3 HCl) for total metal analysis, 1 mol L-1 ammonium acetate for exchangeable metal contents, and a dilute acid mixture (0.1 M HCl in 0.025 M H2SO4) for acid soluble metal contents. A mixture of HNO3 and HClO4 was used to analyze the fruit samples. The analyses of the leaf, the twig, and the root tissue samples were made by dry ashing method. The detection limits of the metals were in the range of 0.04 to 0.45 mug/mL for all soil extracts and 0.01 to 1.50 mug/mL for the fruit samples. The recovery values for all the determinations were higher than 95 %. The results obtained from the analyses of plant tissue and soil samples were evaluated using linear correlation analysis and concentration factors to identify the effect of the factory near the grape-vine area.