Asymmetric phase diagrams, algebraically ordered Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless phase, and peninsular Potts flow structure in long-range spin glasses


Gürleyen S. E. , Berker A. N.

PHYSICAL REVIEW E, vol.105, no.2, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 105 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1103/physreve.105.024122
  • Title of Journal : PHYSICAL REVIEW E

Abstract

The Ising spin-glass model on the three-dimensional (d = 3) hierarchical lattice with long-range ferromagnetic or spin-glass interactions is studied by the exact renormalization-group solution of the hierarchical lattice. The chaotic characteristics of the spin-glass phases are extracted in the form of our calculated, in this case continuously varying, Lyapunov exponents. Ferromagnetic long-range interactions break the usual symmetry of the spin-glass phase diagram. This phase-diagram symmetry breaking is dramatic, as it is underpinned by renormalization-group peninsular flows of the Potts multicritical type. A Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless (BKT) phase with algebraic order and a BKT-spin-glass phase transition with continuously varying critical exponents are seen. Similarly, for spin-glass long-range interactions, the Potts mechanism is also seen, by the mutual annihilation of stable and unstable fixed distributions causing the abrupt change of the phase diagram. On one side of this abrupt change, two distinct spin-glass phases, with finite (chaotic) and infinite (chaotic) coupling asymptotic behaviors are seen with a spin-glass to spin-glass phase transition.