Electrochromic performance of sol-gel derived amorphous MnO2-ZnO nanogranular composite thin films


Falahatgar S. S. , GHODSI F. E. , TEPEHAN F. Z. , TEPEHAN G. G. , Türhan İ. , PISHDADIAN S.

JOURNAL OF NON-CRYSTALLINE SOLIDS, cilt.427, ss.1-9, 2015 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 427
  • Basım Tarihi: 2015
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2015.07.022
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF NON-CRYSTALLINE SOLIDS
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1-9

Özet

In this work, the MnO2-ZnO thin films with nominal molar ratios of 8%, 16% and 25% of Zn to Mn were deposited on glass and Indium Tin Oxide (ITO) substrates by dip-coating sol-gel method and annealed in air at 300 degrees C. The films were characterized by Cyclic Voltammetry measurement (CV), X-ray Diffraction spectroscopy (XRD), Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM), Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM), Energy Dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) and UV-Visible spectrophotometry. The XRD patterns indicated the amorphous structure for all samples. The CV measurements were performed in the potential window between - 2 V and 2 V at a potential scan rate of 20 mV/s and 50 mV/s. The results of CVs at a scan rate of 20 mV/s in the first cycle showed that the sample with 25% of Zn content with the maximum anodic and cathodic charge density has a better performance compared to other samples and the capacitance decreases with increasing cycle number of all samples at 50 mV/s. Optical constants and optical band gaps of thin films were investigated by transmission and reflection. The AFM images revealed that roughness increases with increasing Zn concentration. The FE-SEM images showed nearly similar morphology for all thin films. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.