FLOW MEASUREMENT AND INSTRUMENTATION, cilt.41, ss.115-120, 2015 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)
Calculation of mean velocity and discharge are very important for demands such as water management, water supply, irrigation and flood control. This paper presents to determine the mean velocity and discharge in small streams using based water surface velocity. For this purpose, flow measurements were carried out at four different cross-sections at eighteen field measurements in central Turkey. The mean velocities (U-m) were calculated using velocity-area method. (U-m) and water surface velocities (u(ws)) at these stations exhibited a linear distribution as U-m=0.552u(ws) which has R-2=0.99 determination coefficient. It was observed that this constant was smaller than the literature value 0.85. The advantage of this ratio is that it does not change in T/R (T; width of cross-section, R; hydraulic radius) and Froude numbers for the small streams. Using this constant, mean velocities (U-mcal) and discharges (Q(mcal)) for all measurements can be calculated. The average relative error between measured and calculated discharges (Q-Q(mcal)) was found to be 4.08%. The results presented that this method can be utilized to determine the mean velocity and discharge in small streams successfully. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.