COMPUTATIONAL AERODYNAMIC STUDY OF AUTOMOTIVE COOLING FAN IN BLOCKED CONDITIONS


Baniasadi E., Aydin M., Dincer I., Naterer G. F.

ENGINEERING APPLICATIONS OF COMPUTATIONAL FLUID MECHANICS, vol.7, no.1, pp.66-73, 2013 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 7 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/19942060.2013.11015454
  • Title of Journal : ENGINEERING APPLICATIONS OF COMPUTATIONAL FLUID MECHANICS
  • Page Numbers: pp.66-73

Abstract

In this paper, a CFD study of two types of axial-flow automotive cooling fans was conducted to investigate the effects of upstream and downstream blockage on aerodynamic performance of each fan. The realizable k-epsilon turbulence model was applied and simulations were performed to represent an automotive engine bay and quantify performance changes as a function of blockage distance. Modeling was performed for two fan designs: one optimized for a low flow rate, high-pressure operation; and a second optimized for high flow rate, low-pressure operation. The results show that the pressure loss caused by engine blockage increases at higher vehicle speed, and decreasing blockage distance. A new relation between blockage to fan proximity and fan performance was established. It is determined that the pressure change follows a quadratic type dependence, but the coefficients may vary, depending on fan type. The fan efficiency can be improved by taking advantage of larger blockage distances at higher speeds of the vehicle. The blockage condition causes an increase in the reverse flow near the fan interface, and a dramatic increase in radial flow.