JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE, vol.138, no.47, 2021 (SCI-Expanded)
One of the most effective methods to modify thin film composite (TFC) membranes is changing the chemistry of top selective layer by different monomers and different monomer concentrations. Herein, we report the preparation of modified TFC membranes using a pyromellitic dianhydride (PMDA) mixed with organic phase (trimesoyl chloride) and meta phenylene diamine (MPD). By manipulating the PMDA amount in organic phase, the structures and chemical compositions of polyamide selective layer could be modified. It was realized that the presence of PMDA could result in a modified membrane with higher surface roughness, less dense selective layer, more surface charge density, and better hydrophilic properties and consequently less fouling. The optimum PMDA concentration was found 0.05 wt%, such that the obtained membrane had 35.6 L m(-2) h(-1) pure water flux, about 1.6-fold higher than the reference membrane with similar salt rejection. Fouling intensity for the reference membrane was 38.1%, while for the modified membranes it decreased to 16.7%.