Use of cyclodextrin and calcium chloride for enhanced removal of mercury from soil

Wang X., Yolcubal İ., Wang W., Artiola J., Maier R., Brusseau M.

Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, vol.23, no.8, pp.1888-1892, 2004 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 23 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Doi Number: 10.1897/03-379
  • Journal Name: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1888-1892
  • Keywords: Calcium chloride, Cyclodextrin, Heavy metal, Mercury removal, Soil flushing agent
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: No


The use of solutions containing carboxymethyl-β-cyclodextrin (CMCD) or CaCl2 for enhancing the removal of Hg from a sandy soil was investigated using batch and column experiments. The retention of Hg appeared to be controlled by specific adsorption reactions, which greatly constrained Hg removal when using water (KNO3 solution) to flush columns packed with contaminated soil. The results showed that the two reagents did enhance the removal of Hg from the soil. For example, 81% and 60% of Hg was recovered after 50 pore volumes of flushing with 50 mM CaCl2 and 2 mM CMCD, respectively, compared to 24% recovery for a 10 mM KNO3 solution. However, significant tailing and delayed recovery of Hg during the elution process occurred in the presence of all reagents, indicating that the removal of Hg from the soil was rate limited.