A review on current status and challenges of inorganic phase change materials for thermal energy storage systems


Mohamed S. A. , Al-Sulaiman F. A. , Ibrahim N. I. , Zahir M. H. , Al-Ahmed A., Saidur R., ...More

RENEWABLE & SUSTAINABLE ENERGY REVIEWS, vol.70, pp.1072-1089, 2017 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 70
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.rser.2016.12.012
  • Title of Journal : RENEWABLE & SUSTAINABLE ENERGY REVIEWS
  • Page Numbers: pp.1072-1089
  • Keywords: Thermal energy storage, Phase change materials (PCMs), Heat transfer enhancement, Solar energy, LATENT-HEAT-STORAGE, SODIUM-ACETATE TRIHYDRATE, IMMERSION CORROSION TESTS, CHANGE MATERIAL PCM, PERFORMANCE ENHANCEMENT, CONDUCTIVITY ENHANCEMENT, CARBON NANOTUBES, LIQUID-METAL, TEMPERATURE, BEHAVIOR

Abstract

Latent heat energy storage system is one of the promising solutions for efficient way of storing excess thermal energy during low consumption periods. One of the challenges for latent heat storage systems is the proper selection of the phase change materials (PCMs) for the targeted applications. As compared to organic PCMs, inorganic PCMs have some drawbacks, such as corrosion potential and phase separation; however, there are available techniques to overcome or minimize these drawbacks. On the other hand, inorganic PCMs are found to have higher thermal conductivity and storage capacity over organic PCMs. As a result inorganic PCMs have a great potential in thermal energy storage field, especially in medium to high temperature applications where organic PCMs are not a viable option. In this study, a detailed review of research outcomes and recent technological advancements in the field of inorganic phase change materials is presented while focusing on providing solutions to the associated disadvantages of this class of PCMs. Long term stability, thermal cycling performance, and heat transfer enhancements are also discussed in the context of this review.