Domain switching in polycrystalline ferroelectric ceramics


Li J., ROGAN R., Ustundag E. , BHATTACHARYA K.

NATURE MATERIALS, cilt.4, sa.10, ss.776-781, 2005 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 4 Konu: 10
  • Basım Tarihi: 2005
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1038/nmat1485
  • Dergi Adı: NATURE MATERIALS
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.776-781

Özet

Ferroelectric ceramics are widely used as sensors and actuators for their electro- mechanical properties, and in electronic applications for their dielectric properties. Domain switching - the phenomenon wherein the ferroelectric material changes from one spontaneously polarized state to another under electrical or mechanical loads - is an important attribute of these materials. However, this is a complex collective process in commercially used polycrystalline ceramics that are agglomerations of a very large number of variously oriented grains. As the domains in one grain attempt to switch, they are constrained by the differently oriented neighbouring grains. Here we use a combined theoretical and experimental approach to establish a relation between crystallographic symmetry and the ability of a ferroelectric polycrystalline ceramic to switch. In particular, we show that equiaxed polycrystals of materials that are either tetragonal or rhombohedral cannot switch; yet polycrystals of materials where these two symmetries co- exist can in fact switch.