Studying the sol-gel transition of styrene-divinyl benzene crosslinking co-polymerization via excimer forming dye molecules

Gelir A., AKTAS D. K., CIANGA I., CIANGA L., Yagci Y., Yilmaz Y.

POLYMER, vol.47, no.16, pp.5843-5851, 2006 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 47 Issue: 16
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.polymer.2006.06.017
  • Journal Name: POLYMER
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.5843-5851
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


A novel method based on the steady state fluorescence technique was used to study the sol-gel transition in the free radical crosslinking reaction between styrene (St) and divinyl benzene (DVB) with 2,2'-azobisisobutyronitrile (AIBN) as initiator. N-(4-(pyrenyl methylene)-oxy-carbonyl phenyl)maleimide (Py-MI) was used as a fluorescence probe. The possible enchainment of Py-MI in alternating sequences occurred randomly in polymer clusters produced modifications in the fluorescence spectra, namely the shift at the higher wavelengths due to the excimer formation. The fluorescence spectra of Py-MI's excimers allowed both to monitor the sol-gel transition and to test the critical exponents as function of co-monomer's concentration. The gel fraction exponent beta and the weight average degree of polymerization exponent gamma agreed best with the static percolation values. Although this technique was applied for St-DVB co-polymerization, it may be generalized for the other monomers that are able to bind chemically to Py-MI monomer during the polymerization. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.