Comparisons between the various types of neural networks with the data of wide range operational conditions of the Borssele NPP

Ayaz E. , SEKER S. , Barutcu B. , TURKCAN E.

PROGRESS IN NUCLEAR ENERGY, vol.43, pp.381-387, 2003 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 43
  • Publication Date: 2003
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/s0149-1970(03)00047-7
  • Page Numbers: pp.381-387


This paper addresses a trend monitoring in operating nuclear power plant by use of two types of Recurrent Neural Networks (RNN). The interesting feature of the RNN is intrinsic dynamic memory that reflects the current output as well as the previous inputs and outputs are gradually quenched. The first one Elman type of RNN which has a feed-back from hidden layer to the input layer neurons while in the Jordan type, from the outputs of the neural net to the inputs of the neural net. In this paper the theoretical assessment of the both RNNs is given. Both topological structures including Back Propagation (BP) neural network were implemented to the Borssele NPP. Learning achieved from 30% to 100% nominal power at the starting period of the new core 30 September 2001. After learning period the reactor operation is followed by the neural network. Paper will present the reactor system, the real time data collection and the merits of the three types of the neural network applied while in the learning and continuous processing of the changing of the operational conditions. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.