Conditioning fractal (fBm/fGn) porosity and permeability fields to multiwell pressure data


Zeybek A., Onur M.

MATHEMATICAL GEOLOGY, vol.35, no.5, pp.577-612, 2003 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 35 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2003
  • Doi Number: 10.1023/a:1026234718851
  • Title of Journal : MATHEMATICAL GEOLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.577-612

Abstract

Stochastic fractal (fGn and fBm) porosity and permeability fields are conditioned to given variogram, static ( or hard), and multiwell pressure data within a Bayesian estimation framework. Because fGn distributions are normal/second-order stationary, it is shown that the Bayesian estimation methods based on the assumption of normal/second-order stationary distributions can be directly used to generate fGn porosity/permeability fields conditional to pressure data. However, because fBm is not second-order stationary, it is shown that such Bayesian estimation methods can be used with implementation of a pseudocovariance approach to generate fBm porosity/permeability fields conditional to multiwell pressure data. In addition, we provide methods to generate unconditional realizations of fBm/fGn fields honoring all variogram parameters. These unconditional realizations can then be conditioned to hard and pressure data observed at wells by using the randomized maximum likelihood method. Synthetic examples generated from one-, two-, and three-dimensional single-phase flow simulators are used to show the applicability of our methodology for generating realizations of fBm/fGn porosity and permeability fields conditioned to well-test pressure data and evaluating the uncertainty in reservoir performance predictions appropriately using these history-matched realizations.