Amine functional monodisperse microbeads via precipitation polymerization of N-vinyl formamide: Immobilized laccase for benzidine based dyes degradation

Karagöz B., Bayramoglu G., Altintas B., BICAK N., Arica M. Y.

BIORESOURCE TECHNOLOGY, vol.102, no.13, pp.6783-6790, 2011 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 102 Issue: 13
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.biortech.2011.03.050
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.6783-6790
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Densely cross-linked poly(vinylamine) microbeads (similar to 2 mu m) were prepared by precipitation copolymerization of N-vinyl formamide and ethylene glycoldimethacrylate in acetonitrile. The formamido groups of the microbeads were hydrolyzed into amino groups. Then, amino-functionalized microbeads were used for covalent immobilization of laccase via glutaraldehyde coupling. The average amount of immobilized enzyme was 18.7 mg/g microbeads. Kinetic parameters, V(max) and K(m) values were determined as 20.7 U/mg protein and 2.76 x 10(-2) mmol/L for free enzyme and 15.8 U/mg protein and 4.65 mmol/L for the immobilized laccase, respectively. The immobilized laccase was operated in a batch reactor for the degradation of two different benzidine based dyes (i.e., Direct Blue 1 and Direct Red 128). The laccase immobilized on the microbeads was very effective for removal of these dyes which interfere with the hormonal system. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.