In this work, a biosensor based on surface plasmon field-enhanced florescence spectroscopy (SPFS) method was successfully constructed to detect the truncated form of cholera toxin, that is, its beta subunit (CTX-B). CTX-B is a relatively small molecule (12 kDa) and it was chosen as model analyte for the detection of protein toxins originated from waterborne pathogens. Recognition layer was prepared on gold-coated LaSFN9 glasses modified with 11-mercaptoundecanoic acid (11-MUA). Biotin-conjugated anti-CTX-B polyclonal antibody (B-Ab) was immobilized on streptavidin (SA) layer constructed on the 11-MUA-modified surface. CTX-B amount was determined with direct assay using B-Ab in surface plasmon resonance (SPR) mode and with sandwich assay in SPFS mode using Cy5-conjugated anti-CTX-B polyclonal antibody. Minimum detected CTX-B concentrations were 10 and 0.01 mu g/ml with SPR and SPFS, respectively, showing the sensitivity of the SPFS system over the conventional one. The detection was done in 2-6 h, which was faster than both culture and polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based methods. Stability tests were performed with SA-coated sensors (excluding B-Ab). In this form, the layer was stable after 30 days of storage in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS; 0.01 M, pH = 7.4) at +4 degrees C. B-Ab layer was formed immediately on them before each measurement.