Two series of tests on eight full-scale exterior beam-column joint subassemblages built with plain bars and low-strength concrete were conducted. No transverse reinforcement was present in the joint cores. In the first series of tests, which included three specimens, the behavior of joints before fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) retrofitting was investigated. In the second series, which included five specimens, the behavior of the FRP-retrofitted joints was investigated. The six specimens consisted of a column, an in-plane beam, a transverse beam, and a slab part, and two specimens were plane members without transverse beams and slabs. The utilized retrofitting scheme is easily applicable for actual exterior beam-column joints, even in the presence of a transverse beam and a slab. Two types of strength limitation were observed for specimens in the first series. The strength of the specimen with beam longitudinal bars sufficiently anchored to the joint core was limited by the shear strength of the joint. The strengths of the other two specimens were limited by the slip of the beams' longitudinal bars at their anchorages. In the second series of tests, significantly better performance was obtained both in terms of shear strength and ductility, provided that the slip of the beam bars was prevented. Furthermore, by using a simple theoretical algorithm based on truss analogy, the strength and deformability characteristics of the tested reference and FRP-retrofitted joints are predicted with reasonable accuracy. The same algorithm is used for predicting the joint shear strength of specimens tested by other researchers, and satisfactory agreement is obtained between the predictions and test results. DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)CC.1943-5614.0000156. (C) 2011 American Society of Civil Engineers.