Design Analysis of Vertical Wind Turbine with Airfoil Variation

Maulana M. I., Al Qaedy T. M., Nawawi M.

4th International Conference and Exhibition on Sustainable Energy and Advanced Materials (ICE-SEAM), Solo, Indonesia, 11 - 12 November 2015, vol.1717 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 1717
  • Doi Number: 10.1063/1.4943491
  • City: Solo
  • Country: Indonesia
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


With an ever increasing electrical energy crisis occurring in the Banda Aceh City, it will be important to investigate alternative methods of generating power in ways different than fossil fuels. In fact, one of the biggest sources of energy in Aceh is wind energy. It can be harnessed not only by big corporations but also by individuals using Vertical Axis Wind Turbines (VAWT). This paper presents a three-dimensional CFD analysis of the influence of airfoil design on performance of a Darrieus-type vertical-axis wind turbine (VAWT). The main objective of this paper is to develop an airfoil design for NACA 63-series vertical axis wind turbine, for average wind velocity 2,5 m/s. To utilize both lift and drag force, some of designs of airfoil are analyzed using a commercial computational fluid dynamics solver such us Fluent. Simulation is performed for this airfoil at different angles of attach rearranging from -12 degrees, -8 degrees, -4 degrees, 0 degrees, 4 degrees, 8 degrees, and 12 degrees. The analysis showed that the significant enhancement in value of lift coefficient for airfoil NACA 63-series is occurred for NACA 63-412.