Preparation of LaB6 Powders via Calciothermic Reduction using Mechanochemistry and Acid Leaching


Ağaoğulları D. , BALCI O., Öveçoğlu M. L. , Duman I.

KONA POWDER AND PARTICLE JOURNAL, no.33, pp.203-218, 2016 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.14356/kona.2016001
  • Title of Journal : KONA POWDER AND PARTICLE JOURNAL
  • Page Numbers: pp.203-218

Abstract

This study reports a room temperature mechanochemical route for the synthesis of LaB6 powders originated from related metal oxide powders as La2O3 and B2O3. Ca granules and B2O3 powders were respectively used as reducing agent and boron source in the experiments. This study is actually meaningful to create added value by using the native boron source of Turkey for the production of high-technology boron materials. Milling duration as the most important parameter of mechanochemistry was examined to reveal the ideal production conditions. Mechanochemically synthesized powders were subjected to selective HCl leaching in order to eliminate unwanted phases. Thermochemical software of HSC Chemistry (TM) program was utilized to determine the reaction probability and to estimate the predicted products. Characterization investigations were carried out by X-ray diffractometer (XRD), differential scanning calorimeter (DSC), particle size analyzer (PSA), stereomicroscope (SM), scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscope/energy dispersive spectrometer (TEM/EDS) and atomic absorption spectrometer (AAS). Nanosized LaB6 powders were achieved with/without an insigniicant amount of Ca-3(BO3)(2) phase via mechanochemistry in a high-energy ball mill for 3 h and via leaching with 4 M and 6 M HCl. Lastly, the experimental outputs obtained by a calciothermic reduction were compared with those of magnesiothermic reduction.