Production of Chromium Oxide from Turkish Chromite Concentrate Using Ethanol

Aktas S., Eyuboglu C., Morcali M. H., Ozbey S., Sucuoglu Y.

HIGH TEMPERATURE MATERIALS AND PROCESSES, vol.34, no.3, pp.237-244, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 34 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1515/htmp-2014-0056
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.237-244
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, the possibility of chromium extraction from Turkish chromite concentrate and the production of chromium oxide were investigated. For the -conversion of chromium(III) into chromium(VI), NaOH was employed, as well as air with a rate of 20 L/min. The effects of the base amount, fusing temperature, and fusing time on the chromium conversion percentage were investigated in detail. The conversion kinetics of chromium(III) to chromium(VI) was also undertaken. Following the steps of dissolving the sodium chromate in water and filtering, aluminum hydroxide was precipitated by adjusting the pH level of the solution. The chromium(VI) solution was subsequently converted to Cr(III) by the combination of sulfuric acid and ethanol. Interestingly, it was observed that ethanol precipitated chromium as chromium(VI) at mildly acidic pH levels, although this effect is more pronounced for K2Cr2O7 than Na2Cr2O7. On the other hand, in the strongly acidic regime, ethanol acted as a reducing agent role in that chromium(VI) was converted into Cr(III) whereas ethanol itself was oxidized to carbon dioxide and water. Subsequently, chromium hydroxide was obtained by the help of sodium hydroxide and converted to chromium oxide by heating at 800 degrees C, as indicated in thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA).