Application of Polycarboxylic Acid Brushes on Polystyrene-Divinylbenzene Microbeads for the Removal of Lead from Water


CLEAN-SOIL AIR WATER, vol.49, no.7, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 49 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/clen.202000215
  • Journal Name: CLEAN-SOIL AIR WATER
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Environment Index, Geobase, Greenfile, INSPEC, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: adsorption, inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, lead, polymers, water
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Contamination of the environment with lead (Pb) is of great concern because it is harmful to living organisms even at low concentrations. This work describes a reliable strategy for the effective removal of lead ions using polycarboxylic acid brushes on polystyrene-divinyl benzene (PS-DVB) microbeads. The synthesized material is demonstrated to be a viable sorbent for lead ion adsorption. The following parameters are examined to obtain the optimal sorption conditions: pH of 5, sorbent amount of 10 mg, contact time of 120 min, and sorption temperature of 25 degrees C. Under these conditions, the maximum removal efficiency and experimental adsorption capability are found to be >93% and 134 mg g(-1), respectively. Langmuir isotherm and pseudo-second order kinetic models best represent the adsorption process. It is evaluated that an exothermic and spontaneous adsorption mechanism occurs. The method's applicability is demonstrated with spike recovery experiments using real water samples. Overall, the results show that the synthesized material has high removal efficiency (>93%) against lead ions in a variety of water matrixes.