A Swarm Intelligence Based Framework for Robotic Fabrication Aided Design

Çavuş Ö., Alaçam S.

Mimarlıkta Sayısal Tasarım XV. Ulusal Sempozyumu, İstanbul, Turkey, 28 - 29 June 2021, pp.147-158

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: İstanbul
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.147-158
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Robot-aided architectural design is becoming important, yet mostly goes through industrial robots. Adapting an existing vehicle to design and production processes is highly complex, and architects have difficulty in using and understanding the tool. This difficulty leads to a gap between intended outcomes and what the robot can actually give. Still, it is possible to look at robotic production from a different view via a swarm robot (SR). There are potentials of SR in emergent situations, yet these potentials have not been fully discovered in architecture due to the requirement of interdisciplinary studies in designing and developing SR. Hence, SR’ application areas remain limited in design, fabrication, and construction because of the complexity for architects in understanding how they can be used in design processes effectively. Designers can discover their potentials and provide solutions for challenges only if they understand how these complex robots work and interact. In this way, they can be used more efficiently in design processes. There are studies that focus on the working principles of SR through categorization. This study differs from the existing ones due to the discussion on emergence in design and fabrication processes in architecture. SR offers advantages in emergence in design, fabrication, and construction. Within this context, this paper proposes designers a framework of swarm bots in terms of their technical features and discusses the potentials and challenges of SRS. The aim is not to enlist all examples nor their alltechnical features. Instead, this paper outlines prominent features concerning the technical necessities of an algorithm scheme in regards to using case scenarios. Technical necessities are associated with working and movement principles of SR. This framework is the main contribution of this study, as it offers an original and valuable contribution to the field by questioning the benefits of using robots in a swarm mentality. As swarm studies generally relate to different conceptual layers, the authors here take emergence as a driving force of the examination.