Production of structured lipids containing conjugated linolenic acid: optimisation by response surface methodology

Elibal B., SUZEN H. F. , AKSOY H. A. , USTUN G. , Tüter M.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, cilt.46, sa.7, ss.1422-1427, 2011 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 46 Konu: 7
  • Basım Tarihi: 2011
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1111/j.1365-2621.2011.02635.x
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1422-1427


Structured lipids containing conjugated linolenic acid (CLNA) were produced separately by enzymatic acidolysis reaction of corn and canola oils (CAO) with bitter gourd (Momordica charantia L) seed oil fatty acids [bitter gourd seed oil fatty acids (BGFA)]. Reactions were conducted using a commercial immobilised sn-1,3-specific lipase from Thermomyces lanuginosa (Lipozyme TL IM) in hexane. The effects of reaction time, substrate molar ratio, temperature and enzyme amount on incorporation yield of CLNA were investigated and optimised by response surface methodology with three-level, two-factor face-centred cube design. When reactions were conducted using 10% enzyme for 3 h, the optimum reaction conditions were found for corn oil (CO) as 53.5 degrees C and 5.9:1 BGFA/CO molar ratio. At these conditions, the incorporation of CLNA into CO was determined as 41.4%. However, CLNA incorporation into CAO was resulted as 37% at optimum conditions which were 54.2 degrees C and 6.8:1 BGFA/CAO molar ratio.