Discrete nature of thermodynamics in confined ideal Fermi gases

Aydın A. , SISMAN A.

PHYSICS LETTERS A, vol.378, pp.2001-2007, 2014 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 378
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.physleta.2014.05.044
  • Title of Journal : PHYSICS LETTERS A
  • Page Numbers: pp.2001-2007


Intrinsic discrete nature in thermodynamic properties of Fermi gases appears under strongly confined and degenerate conditions. For a rectangular confinement domain, thermodynamic properties of an ideal Fermi gas are expressed in their exact summation forms. For 1D, 2D and 3D nano domains, variations of both number of particles and internal energy per particle with chemical potential are examined. It is shown that their relation with chemical potential exhibits a discrete nature which allows them to take only some definite values. Furthermore, quasi-irregular oscillatory-like sharp peaks are observed in heat capacity. New nano devices can be developed based on these behaviors. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.