Pullulan films loading saffron extract encapsulated in nanoliposomes; preparation and characterization


Najafi Z., Kahn C. J. F. , Bildik F. , Arab-Tehrany E., Şahin Yeşilçubuk N.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL MACROMOLECULES, vol.188, pp.62-71, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 188
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2021.07.175
  • Title of Journal : INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL MACROMOLECULES
  • Page Numbers: pp.62-71
  • Keywords: Saffron extract, Nanoliposome, Pullulan edible film, ANTIOXIDANT PROPERTIES, CHITOSAN, GELATIN, STARCH, PECTIN, CARRIERS, MALTODEXTRIN, FORMULATION, RAPESEED, STRENGTH

Abstract

Nanoencapsulation of saffron extract (SE) components into the rapeseed lecithin nanoliposomes were performed by sonication of their aqueous dispersions as a green process. Dynamic light scattering (DLS) results exhibited that empty and SE loaded nanoliposomes (SENL) had average sizes in range of 118-138 nm, negative zeta potentials (-32.0 to -46.8 mV) and polydispersity index (PDI) less than 0.3 during storage for 28 days at 4 degrees C. Encapsulation efficiency of crocin was approximately 30%. The 70% of crocin released from SENLs within 5 h in PBS solution. Pullulan-based films were fabricated by incorporation of empty and SE loaded nanoliposomes into pullulan solution through casting method. The mechanical resistance and thermal stability of the films reduced by addition of nanoliposomes. FTIR and thermal characterizations indicated that SE was successfully encapsulated in the nanoliposomes and film matrix with high thermal stability. Incorporation of nanoliposomes enhanced the oxygen barrier properties of the films, while it didn't significantly affect the water vapor permeability (WVP) of the films. The obtained edible films or coatings can provide additional benefits due to unique flavor and color of saffron. In addition, the utilization of SE, can provide benefits for health-allegation from SE antioxidant capacity.