ARCHTHEO’16 X International Theory and History of Architecture Conference, İstanbul, Turkey, 27 - 29 October 2016, pp.370-379
The social role of art and architecture on community has been questioned for a long time. Especially in the last century, it is questioned that whether these disciplines play a pioneering role in community by regarding their relation with consumption and market. It is generally stated in the western literature that art and architecture lose their pioneering role on community. Although western social dynamics have been used as a base in this determination, this situation shouldn’t be generalized because there are different artistic and architectural praxis have been realized in the other part of the world. Thus, moving away from discussions which have realized for many years in the western world and examining architectural and artistic praxis of “other” world should be beneficial. In this regard, the activities which realized in Palestine selected as a case where artists and architects take an active role in peacemaking.
In this study, firstly, the historical development process of Palestine problem is addressed. Then, pioneering activities of artists and architects which aim to prevent conflicts and wars realized in Palestine are examined. In this context, the cartoons of Naci el Ali and Carlos Latuff, West-Eastern Divan Orchestra which was established by Edward Said and Daniel Barenboim and the facilities of APJP (Architects and Planners for Justice in Palestine) organization are examined. It is determined in this study that these actors and organizations play an important role in terms of molding public opinion by creating awareness about region problems, providing communication media and playing a pioneering role in preventing conflict in Palestine so they cause a paradigm shift in the social position of architects and artists.