Midchannel islands (MCIs) are influential geomorphic units in regulating morphological and ecological dynamics in sand-dominated rivers. The primary objectives of the study were to understand a) the relationship between morphometric characteristics of the basin and the occurrence location of the MCIs, b) the role of MCIs on the hydraulic gradient and the other hydraulic variables along the reach, and c) the influence of island growth process on hydrodynamics in the wake and contraction regions. Spatial distributions of MCIs depending on the morphometric features of the three characteristic basins were considered. While the basin-scale analysis was conducted using GIS-based data, the reach and individual scale analyses were performed based on a Reynoldsaveraged Navier-Stokes (RANS) model. Uniform circular cylinder and island geometries were exposed to identical flow conditions. The expansion of these island geometries was mimicked both in rectangular and trapezoidal cross-sections. The variation of water surface slope and bottom shear stress variables, which greatly trigger the intensive bilateral interaction between hydrological-morphological-ecological elements in river corridors, depending on the growth of the island, was determined. The role of imposed island geometry on the secondary flow structure within the downstream cross-section of the island and streamwise velocity fluctuations in contraction regions were analyzed. The basin-scale analysis showed that with decreasing basin slopes, the family of islands emerged at a longer distance to the basin outlet. It was also seen that MCIs location is closer to the basin outlet forbasins with a lower aspect ratio. Besides, asymmetrical large-scale counter-rotating streamwise vortices were detected behind the MCIs based on numerical simulations. GIS-based data showed that this coherent flow structure brought about channel adjustments in downstream of the island. In addition to morphological consequences, it was hypothesized that this alteration in the flow structure due to MCI has potential impacts on riverine ecology. These impacts are increase in groundwater recharge, vertical exchange of surface-subsurface water, local heterogeneity in sediment characteristics (i.e., convenient fish spawning areas), and enlargement in the hyporheic zone.