Long-term study on the impact of temperature on enhanced biological phosphorus and nitrogen removal in membrane bioreactor


Sayi-Ucar N., SARIOGLU M., INSEL G., Çokgör E. , ORHON D., VAN LOOSDRECHT M. C. M.

WATER RESEARCH, vol.84, pp.8-17, 2015 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 84
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.watres.2015.06.054
  • Title of Journal : WATER RESEARCH
  • Page Numbers: pp.8-17
  • Keywords: EBPR, GAO, PAD, Simultaneous nitrification and denitrification, Temperature, GLYCOGEN-ACCUMULATING ORGANISMS, SIMULTANEOUS NITRIFICATION, ANAEROBIC CONDITIONS, ACTIVATED-SLUDGE, METABOLIC MODEL, ACETATE UPTAKE, SULFUR CYCLE, DENITRIFICATION, PH, STOICHIOMETRY

Abstract

The study involved experimental observation and performance evaluation of a membrane bioreactor system treating municipal wastewater for nutrient removal for a period 500 days, emphasizing the impact of high temperature on enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR). The MBR system was operated at relatively high temperatures (24-41 degrees C). During the operational period, the total phosphorus (TP) removal gradually increased from 50% up to 95% while the temperature descended from 41 to 24 degrees C. At high temperatures, anaerobic volatile fatty acid (WA) uptake occurred with low phosphorus release implying the competition of glycogen accumulating organisms (GAOs) with polyphosphate accumulating organisms (PAOs). Low dissolved oxygen conditions associated with high wastewater temperatures did not appreciable affected nitrification but enhanced nitrogen removal. Dissolved oxygen levels around 1.0 mgO(2)/L in membrane tank provided additional denitrification capacity of 6-7 mgN/L by activating simultaneous nitrification and denitrification. As a result, nearly complete removal of nitrogen could be achieved in the MBR system, generating a permeate with no appreciable nitrogen content. The gross membrane flux was 43 LMH corresponding to the specific permeability (K) of 413 LMH/bar at 39 degrees C in the MBR tank. The specific permeability increased by the factor of 43% at 39 degrees C compared to that of 25 degrees C during long-term operation. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.