Assessment of Racial Disparities in Mortality Rates Among Older Adults Living in US Rural vs Urban Counties From 1968 to 2016


Ferdows N. B. , Aranda M. P. , Baldwin J. A. , Ferdows S. B. , Ahluwalia J. S. , Kumar A.

JAMA NETWORK OPEN, vol.3, no.8, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

Abstract

Question Do historical trends exist in age-adjusted mortality rates among older adults of Black and White ancestry living in rural and urban counties in the US? Findings In this cross-sectional study of 3131 US counties over a 49-year period, racial disparities in the mortality rates of men, with the exception of men living in rural counties, decreased compared with women. Rural and urban disparities were associated with socioeconomic differences among men and women of both races, and these disparities were most substantial among Black men. Meaning Although the overall trend in the differences among Black and White older adults' mortality rate have narrowed in the urban areas, there is considerable widening in mortality rate among Black and White men living in rural counties.