Demand Side Management by controlling refrigerators and its effects on consumers

Zehir M. A., Bağrıyanık M.

ENERGY CONVERSION AND MANAGEMENT, vol.64, pp.238-244, 2012 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 64
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.enconman.2012.05.012
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.238-244
  • Keywords: Smart grid, Demand Side Management, Cooling systems, Defrost control, Load control, Refrigerator, ELECTRICITY DEMAND, PERFORMANCE, MODEL
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Demand Side Management in power grids has become more and more important in recent years. Continuously growing energy demand both increases the need for distributed generation from renewable energy sources and brings out the topic of Demand Side Management. One of the major application areas of Demand Side Management in smart grids is cooling systems. In this paper, Demand Side Management with control of a refrigerator and its economic effects on consumers are analyzed. With a refrigerator model based on real measurements, several cooling schedules are simulated and annual energy fees for different pricing methods in use in Turkey are calculated and discussed. The results revealed that, 37.9% of refrigerator's demand in peak period can be shifted to other periods and annual electricity bills for customers can be reduced by 11.4%. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.