Slope Deflection Method in Nonlocal Axially Functionally Graded Tapered Beams

Demirkan E., Çelik M., Artan R.

APPLIED SCIENCES, vol.13, no.8, pp.1-21, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 13 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/app13084814
  • Journal Name: APPLIED SCIENCES
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aerospace Database, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Communication Abstracts, INSPEC, Metadex, Directory of Open Access Journals, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-21
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, the slope deflection method was presented for structures made of small-scaled axially functionally graded beams with a variable cross section within the scope of nonlocal elasticity theory. The small-scale effect between individual atoms cannot be neglected when the structures are small in size. Therefore, the theory of nonlocal elasticity is used throughout. The stiffness coefficients and fixed-end moments are calculated using the method of initial values. With this method, the solution of the differential equation system is reduced to the solution of the linear equation system. The given transfer matrix is unique and the problem can be easily solved for any end condition and loading. In this problem, double integrals occur in terms of the transfer matrix. However, this form is not suitable for numerical calculations. With the help of Cauchy’s repeated integration formula, the transfer matrix is given in terms of single integrals. The analytical or numerical calculation of single integrals is easier than the numerical or analytical calculation of double integrals. It is demonstrated that the nonlocal effect plays an important role in the fixed-end moments of small-scaled beams.