Design and modeling of a multigeneration system driven by waste heat of a marine diesel engine

Demir M. E., Çıtakoğlu F.

International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol.47, no.95, pp.40513-40530, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 47 Issue: 95
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2022.05.182
  • Journal Name: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Artic & Antarctic Regions, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, Environment Index, INSPEC
  • Page Numbers: pp.40513-40530
  • Keywords: Waste heat recovery, Hydrogen production, Desalination, Power production, Efficiency
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


© 2022 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLCIn this study, a novel marine diesel engine waste heat recovery layout is designed and thermodynamically analyzed for hydrogen production, electricity generation, water desalination, space heating, and cooling purposes. The integrated system proposed in this study utilizes waste heat from a marine diesel engine to charge an organic Rankine and an absorption refrigeration cycle. The condenser of the Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) provides the heat for the single stage flash distillation unit (FDU) process, which uses seawater as the feedwater. A portion of the produced freshwater is used to supply the Polymer Electrolyte Membrane (PEM) electrolyzer array. This study aims to store the excess desalinated water in ballast tanks after an Ultraviolet (UV) treatment. Therefore it is expected to preclude the damage of ballast water discharge on marine fauna. The integrated system's thermodynamic analysis is performed using the Engineering Equation Solver software package. All system components are subjected to performance assessments based on their energy and exergy efficiencies. Additionally, the capacities for power generation, freshwater production, hydrogen production, and cooling are determined. A parametric study is conducted to evaluate the impacts of operating conditions on the overall system. The system's overall energy and exergy efficiencies are calculated as 25% and 13%, respectively, where the hydrogen production, power generation, and freshwater production capacities are 306.8 kg/day, 659 kW, and 0.536 kg/s, respectively. Coefficient of Performance (COP) of the absorption refrigeration cycle is calculated as 0.41.