One-Step Synthesis of Bunsenite Cadmium Oxide Nanoparticles

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Banoqitah E. M., Saleh M. A., Damoom M. M., Alhawsawi A. M., Kasmani R. M., Al-Hada N. M.

Applied Sciences (Switzerland), vol.13, no.1, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 13 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/app13010438
  • Journal Name: Applied Sciences (Switzerland)
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aerospace Database, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Communication Abstracts, INSPEC, Metadex, Directory of Open Access Journals, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: bunsenite cadmium oxide nanoparticles, polyvinylpyrrolidone, thermal technique
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: No


© 2022 by the authors.The present study proposes a simple synthesis technique for producing bunsenite cadmium oxide nanoparticles. A variety of techniques were used to determine the structure, morphology, elemental content, and optical properties of bunsenite cadmium oxide nanoparticles. The samples’ XRD spectra at 500 °C and above confirmed the presence of cubic bunsenite and cadmium oxide structures. The crystallite size was increased from 29 nm to 62 nm as the calcined temperature increased from 500 °C to 800 °C. The dispersion of the particles of bunsenite cadmium oxide improved with an increasing calcination temperature. An equivalent increasing trend was indicated by the mean grain size displayed via field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) micrographs. Furthermore, the UV-Vis spectra showed that multiple energy band gaps attenuated as the calcination temperature increased. The mean particle size, as measured by transmission electron micrographs, appeared to increase in tandem with the calcination temperature. The obtained bunsenite and cadmium oxide nanoparticles have potential for employment in a wide range of semiconductor applications.