A novel catechol-bearing polypeptide (CtP) was synthesized and used as a component of electrochemical biosensor involving both enzymatic activity and affinity-based sensing systems. Glucose oxidase (GOx) and anti-immunoglobulin G (Anti-IgG) were selected as model biorecognition elements for the selective analysis of glucose and IgG. Step-by-step surface modifications were followed using various techniques such as cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectrometry (EIS) as well as X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Additionally, contact angles were measured in order to observe surface properties. Amperometric measurements using the GOx biosensor were performed at -0.7 V by following the oxygen consumption due to the enzymatic reaction in different glucose concentrations. Affinity-based interactions via IgG sensor were monitored using the differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) technique. As the "surface design with CtP" approach employed herein is generally applicable and easily adaptable to obtain functional matrices for biomolecule immobilization, CtP-coated surfaces can be promising platforms for the fabrication of various biobased sensing systems.