Effect of the occurrence process of the peaks over threshold on the flood estimates

Onoz B., Bayazit M.

JOURNAL OF HYDROLOGY, vol.244, pp.86-96, 2001 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 244
  • Publication Date: 2001
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/s0022-1694(01)00330-4
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.86-96
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: No


Partial duration (peaks over threshold) series have been used as an alternative to annual maxima series in flood frequency analysis. Poisson process is usually assumed for the occurrence of peaks. in some peaks over threshold series, variance of the annual number of exceedances is significantly smaller (or larger) than the mean. In such cases binomial (or negative binomial) distribution has a better fit, Expressions are obtained for the estimation of the T-year flood and its sampling variance when binomial (or negative binomial) model is combined with the exponential distribution of peak magnitudes. It is shown that the results are almost identical to those obtained using the Poisson model, for which much simpler expressions are available. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.