Design tactics for enhancing the adaptability of primary and middle schools to the new needs of postpandemic reuse

Guzelci O. Z., Sen Bayram A. K., Alaçam S., Guzelci H., Akkuyu E. I., Şencan İ.

Archnet-IJAR, vol.15, no.1, pp.148-166, 2021 (AHCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 15 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1108/arch-10-2020-0237
  • Journal Name: Archnet-IJAR
  • Journal Indexes: Arts and Humanities Citation Index (AHCI), Scopus, Avery, Design & Applied Arts Index, Index Islamicus
  • Page Numbers: pp.148-166
  • Keywords: Primary schools, Middle schools, Adaptability, Flexibility, COVID-19, Postpandemic reuse
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


© 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited.Purpose: The aim of this study is to present design tactics (DTs) for supporting the adaptability of existing primary and middle school buildings into the emerging needs of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The study introduces a novel algorithmic model for postoccupancy evaluation of the existing school buildings and provides solutions to enhance the adaptability of these buildings. Design/methodology/approach: This study employs the DTs defined by the authors, integration of DTs to the algorithmic model and tests the usability of the proposed model in the selected sample set. The sample set consists of four primary and middle school buildings with different architectural qualities. The degrees of flexibility of the existing sample set are evaluated depending on the outcomes of the implementation. Findings: The degrees of flexibility are achieved as a result of execution of the algorithmic model for each selected school building. Initial results of the case studies show that the flexibility of a school building is highly related to affordances and design decisions of the plan layout which were considered in the initial phases of the design process. Architectural qualities such as open plan and having sufficient voids in the interior and exterior space become prominent factors for ensuring flexibility. Originality/value: Developing a systematic approach to the adaptation problem of primary and middle school buildings to postpandemic reuse is a novel research topic. Apart from this contextual originality, the proposed taxonomy for postpandemic reuse in terms of three levels of adaptation is a new conceptual framework. Moreover, the proposed algorithmic model itself can be considered as an original contribution, as well as a merge of qualitative values such as adaptation and flexibility with an algorithmic model.